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Global march 2019
Quarter 1 FEB- 31 MAY
Malala Yousafhai Pakistan -
Nigerian schoolgirls - Peshmerga
Greta Thunberg, Sweden,
Maybe you remember this: "One child, one teacher, one pen and one book
can change the world."
If not, shame on you! I yes, it was the outcry from
Malala Yousafzai ( Pakistan 1997), who stood up for education for girls
in Pakistan and Afghanistan. She is the daughter of an outspoken social
activist and educator, Yousafzai was an excellent student. Her
father—who established and administered the school she attended, Khushal
Girls High School and College in the city of Mingora—encouraged her to
follow in his path. In 2007 the Swat Valley, once a vacation
destination, was invaded by the Taliban. Led by Maulana Fazlullah, the
Pakistani Taliban began imposing strict Islamic law, destroying or
shutting down girls’ schools, banning women from any active role in
society, and carrying out suicide bombings. Yousafzai and her family
fled the region for their safety, but they returned when tensions and
On September 1, 2008, when Yousafzai was 11 years old, her father took
her to a local press club in Peshawar to protest the school closings,
and she gave her first speech—“How Dare the Taliban Take Away My Basic
Right to Education?” Her speech was publicized throughout Pakistan.
Toward the end of 2008, the Taliban announced that all girls’ schools in
Swat would be shut down on January 15, 2009. The British Broadcasting
Corporation (BBC) approached Yousafzai’s father in search of someone who
might blog for them about what it was like to live under Taliban rule.
Under the name Gul Makai, Yousafzai began writing regular entries for
BBC Urdu about her daily life. She wrote from January through the
beginning of March of that year 35 entries that were also translated
into English. Meanwhile, the Taliban shut down all girls’ schools in
Swat and blew up more than 100 of them.
In February 2009 Yousafzai made her first television appearance, when
she was interviewed by Pakistani journalist and talk show host Hamid Mir
on the Pakistan current events show Capital Talk. In late February the
Taliban, responding to an increasing backlash throughout Pakistan,
agreed to a cease-fire, lifted the restriction against girls, and
allowed them to attend school on the condition that they wear burkas.
However, violence resurged only a few months later, in May, and the
Yousafzai family was forced to seek refuge outside of Swat until the
Pakistani army was able to push the Taliban out. In early 2009 The New
York Times reporter Adam Ellick worked with Yousafzai to make a
documentary, Class Dismissed, a 13-minute piece about the school
shutdown. Ellick made a second film with her, titled A Schoolgirl’s
. The New York Times posted both films on their Web site in 2009. That
summer she met with U.S. special envoy to Afghanistan and Pakistan
Richard Holbrooke and asked him to help with her effort to protect the
education of girls in Pakistan.
With Yousafzai’s continuing television appearances and coverage in the
local and international media, it had become apparent by December 2009
that she was the BBC’s young blogger. Once her identity was known, she
began to receive widespread recognition for her activism. In October
2011 she was nominated by human rights activist Desmond Tutu for the
International Children’s Peace Prize. In December of that year she was
awarded Pakistan’s first National Youth Peace Prize (later renamed the
National Malala Peace Prize).
Shooting And Nobel Peace Prize
On October 9, 2012, Yousafzai was shot in the head by a Taliban gunman
while she was en route home from school.
Note from the chief editor: the taliban entered the bus and asked if
anybody knew Yousafzai. She was sitting at the back of the bus with 2 of
her friends and co-students and they pointed to Yousafzai out of fear).
Fazlullah and the Pakistani Taliban took responsibility for the attempt
on her life. She survived the attack and was flown from Peshawar to
Birmingham, England, for surgery. The incident elicited protests, and
her cause was taken up around the world, including by the UN special
envoy for global education, Gordon Brown, who introduced a petition that
called for all children around the world to be back in school by 2015.
That petition led to the ratification of Pakistan’s first Right to
Education bill. In December 2012 Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari
announced the launch of a $10 million education fund in Yousafzai’s
honour. About the same time, the Malala Fund was established by the
Vital Voices Global Partnership to support education for all girls
around the world.
Yousafzai recovered, staying with her family in Birmingham, where she
returned to her studies and to activism. For the first time since being
shot, she made a public appearance on July 12, 2013, her 16th birthday,
and addressed an audience of 500 at the United Nations in New York City.
Among her many awards, in 2013 Yousafzai won the United Nations Human
Rights Prize, awarded every five years. She was named one of Time
magazine’s most-influential people in 2013 and appeared on one of the
seven covers that were printed for that issue. With Christina Lamb
(foreign correspondent for The Sunday Times), Yousafzai coauthored a
memoir, I Am Malala: The Girl Who Stood Up for Education and Was Shot by
the Taliban (2013). She also wrote the picture book Malala’s Magic
Pencil (2017), which was based on her childhood. In 2014 she became the
youngest person to win the Liberty Medal, awarded by the National
Constitution Center in Philadelphia to public figures striving for
people’s freedom throughout the world. Nominated for the Nobel Peace
Prize in 2013 but passed over that year, Yousafzai in 2014 became the
youngest recipient in the history of the prize.
source ENCYCLOPEDIA BRITANNICA
Pakistan has its own girl heroes; after Malala meet Ansa, the gutsy
girl: Ansa's village of Toru and where she is often forced to study by